der die dasder die das


In my experience with students who are learning German, most of the struggles happen in the beginning when they start to learn the different articles.

Having different articles can be a rollercoaster ride, especially when they come from an English speaking country where everything is just “the, a” and “an”. But in this magical post you’ll get all the hints you need to  learn the articles correctly! So, set your Bratwurst aside and finish your beer, it’s time to plug some German words into your brain. 

If you want to have a little warm up, check out Anja’s video on the German articles Der, Die and Das!


Nouns with the article “der”

The article “der “ is the male article in the German language. Here are my hints on how to use this article the right way. 

Male people 

In this category you can include all people that are male. For professions, we have different endings for male and female nouns, which is different in English.

  • der Mann (the man)
  • der Lehrer (the teacher)
  • der Astronaut (the astronaut)
  • der Arzt (the doctor) 


The days of the week 

Knowing this can already be a big help for you. Whenever I give my students this hint, their eyes start to glow. 

  • der Montag (Monday)
  • der Dienstag (Tuesday)
  • der Mittwoch (Wednesday)
  • der Donnerstag (Thursday)
  • der Freitag (Friday)
  • der Samstag (Saturday) 
  • der Sonntag (Sunday)


Seasons and Months

Another super easy one to remember. One article says it all ! 

  • der Frühling (spring)
  • der Sommer (summer)
  • der Herbst (fall)
  • der Winter (winter) 
  • der Januar (January)
  • der Februar (February)
  • ……..
Learning German articles


Words ending with “-ling”, “-ant”, “-us”, “ich/ig”

Also words ending with these suffixes will get the article “der”. Although, I’ll give you more examples per suffix. I recommend you just pick one to remember, otherwise it might be too much for you. 

“-ling"

  • der Schmetterling (the butterfly)
  • der Säugling (the infant)
  • der Häuptling (the chief of a tribe) 

“-ant”

  • der Elefant (the elephant)
  • der Passant (the passer-by)
  • der Mandant (the client)


“-us”

  • der Bambus (the bamboo)
  • der Campus (the campus)
  • der Zirkus (the circus)


“-ich” and “-ig”

  • der Teppich (the carpet)
  • der Strich (the line)
  • der Honig (the honey) 


Car brands

If you’re a car enthusiast, you will certainly like this one! And if you like, think of any other car brands to practice! 

  • der Volvo
  • der Mercedes
  • der Tesla 


Nouns that derive from verbs with the ending “-en”. Many of those verbs also take the article “der”. However, there are also some verbs that don’t work that way. 

  • der Schlaf / schlafen (the sleep / to sleep) 
  • der Sitz / sitzen (the seat / to sit)
  • der Kuss / küssen (the kiss / to kiss)


Nouns with the article “die”

Also our feminine article has many easy and practical hints that will help you remember when to use “die” for nouns. 

Female people

Just as with the masculine article, we use the feminine article to describe all the people that are female, including professions. 

  • die Frau (the woman)
  • die Lehrerin (the teacher)
  • die Astronautin (the astronaut)
  • die Ärztin (the doctor) 


German rivers

Are you familiar with our beautiful rivers in Germany? It’s good to know that they (almost) all have female articles. Maybe because of the elegant way they flow. 

  • die Elbe 
  • die Mosel 
  • die Donau


Nouns ending in “-ei”, “-schaft” “-heit / -keit”, “-ung”, -tät”, “-ion”, “-ik”, “-ie”, “-enz / -anz”, “-ur”

Whenever you hear words, nouns to be more specific, ending with these specific suffixes, you can immediately be sure that these nouns need a female article before them. Here are some examples for each ending: 

-ei

  • die Datei - (the file)
  • die Türkei - (Turkey)
  • die Hexerei - (the witchcraft)


-schaft

  • die Wissenschaft (the science)
  • die Herrschaft (the dominion)
  • die Leidenschaft (the passion)


-heit / -keit

  • die Gesundheit (the health)
  • die Freiheit (the freedom)
  • die Aufmerksamkeit (the attention)


-ung

  • die Zeitung (the newspaper)
  • die Nahrung (the food / nutrition)
  • die Erfahrung (the experience)


-tät

  • die Universität (the university)
  • die Elastizität (the elasticity)
  • die Majestät (the majesty)


-ion

  • die Situation (the situation)
  • die Faszination (the fascination)
  • die Konstellation (the constellation)


-ik

  • die Robotik (the robotics)
  • die Dynamik (the dynamic)
  • die Logik (the logic)


-ie

  • die Theorie (the theory)
  • die Therapie (the therapy)
  • die Phantasie (the fantasy)


-enz / -anz

  • die Transparenz (the transparency)
  • die Kohärenz (the coherence)
  • die Eleganz (the elegance)


-ur

  • die Struktur (the structure)
  • die Muskulatur (the musculature)
  • die Statur (the figure)


Nouns with the article “das”

As you already know, the German language also has a neutral article called “das”. And just like the other German articles, there are some hints here that will help you.   

The letters of the alphabet

  • das A
  • das B
  • das C

Nouns ending in “-lein” or “-chen”

  • das Häuschen (the little house)
  • das Mädchen (the girl)
  • das Grübchen (the dimple)


Nouns ending in “-um”

  • das Museum (the museum)
  • das Universum (the universe)
  • das Mysterium (the mystery)


Nouns ending in “-ment”

  • das Experiment (the experiment)
  • das Fundament (the foundation)
  • das Temperament (the temperament)


Nouns ending in “-ma”

  • das Drama (the drama)
  • das Thema (the topic)
  • das Dilemma (the dilemma) 

Nouns that derive from the infinitive form of a verb

  • schwimmen - das Schwimmen (to swim - the swimming)
    Das Schwimmen im See ist verboten. (Swimming in the lake is forbidden.) 
  • essen - das Essen (to eat - the eating)
    Das Essen von viel Schokolade ist ungesund. (The eating of a lot of chocolate is unhealthy.) 
  • schreiben - das Schreiben (to write - the writing)
    Das Schreiben von Büchern dauert lang. (The writing of books takes time.)


English words ending in -ing

  • das Training (the practice)
  • das Timing (the timing)
  • das Teambuilding (the team building) 


Collectives starting with Ge-

  • das Gebäude (the building)
  • das Gebirge (the mountains - the mountain range)
  • das Gestein (the rocks)


The German plural article “die”

This paragraph is going to be super short because it’s self explanatory. As you know, the German article for plural nouns is “die”. So you can take aaaaalll of your plurals and just slam the article “die”  in front of them. Like in these examples here: 

  • die Buchstaben, die Themen, die Mädchen, die Situationen, die Astronauten, die Monate


I know this seems like a lot of information at first, but I’m sure that with this post you can see a rope to hold on to in the jungle of German words. I just want to remind you that practice makes perfect and will help you get better and better every day. 

Loved this? Spread the word

Subscribe to my Newsletter & Get your FREE German Essential Kit including:

  • The 12 most common German mistakes and how to avoid them (+ with sample sentences)
  • A list of the 30 most important dative verbs you must know!
  • A list of the most important German irregular verbs and an easy explanation of the past tenses
  • The picture of "Anja's house" with all the verbs that use "sein" in the perfect tense (high quality to print!)
  • When you sign up, you will become part of our worldwide community of German learners and receive the best tips and tricks for learning German!

PS: Don’t worry, I hate spam too! You can unsubscribe at anytime.


Related posts

{"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}
>